Chronology of Events in the Life of S. M. Prokudin-Gorsky

Unless otherwise noted, all dates before 1918 are given in the Julian Calendar ("Old style"), which was 12 days behind the Gregorian ("New style") calendar until March 1, 1900, and 13 behind the Gregorian from March 1, 1900 to the present. All dates 1918 and after are in the Gregorian calendar.

1863

Sergei Mikhailovich Prokudin-Gorsky is born on August 18 (old style; August 30 new style) on the estate of Funikova Gora in Pokrovsky County, Vladimir Province.

1883

From 1883 (?) until 1886 Prokudin-Gorsky is schooled at the Imperial Alexander Lyceum in Tsarskoe Selo, and graduates with a major in the sciences, equivalent to a high school education

1886

From October 1886 until November 1888, Prokudin-Gorsky attends lectures at the Natural Sciences Section of the Physics and Mathematics Faculty, St. Petersburg University.

1888

From September 1888 until April 1890, Prokudin-Gorsky was a student at the Imperial Military Medical Academy.

1890

May 1890: Prokudin-Gorsky is approved as an active member of the Demidov House for the Care of Workers

Prokudin-Gorsky marries Anna Aleksandrovna Lavrova and becomes director of the board of the state-owned Society of Gatchina Bell, Copper, and Steel Factories.

1892

Son Dmitry is born at Gatchina on January 22, 1892

1893

Daughter Elena is born at Gatchina on November 28, 1893

1895

Son Mikhail is born at Gatchina on July 26, 1895

1896

Prokudin-Gorsky gives his first paper at the Imperial Russian Technological Society (IRTO), “On the contemporary state of foundry work in Russia.”

1897

Prokudin-Gorsky begins to give papers on the technical results of his photographic research to the Fifth Section of the Imperial Russian Technological Society. He continued this until 1918.

1898

Prokudin-Gorsky publishes the first of a series of works on the technological aspects of photography: On the Printing (Copying) with Negatives and On Photographing with Hand Cameras.

Prokudin-Gorsky becomes a member of the Photographic Section of the Imperial Russian Technological Society and gives a presentation at a meeting of the section, “On photographing falling stars (star showers).”

Prokudin-Gorsky gives a demonstration of photos of 17th and 18th century paintings at the Fifth Photographic Exhibition, organized by the Photographic Section of the Imperial Russian Technological Society.

Prokudin-Gorsky becomes one of the organizers of a course on practical photography at the Imperial Russian Technological Society.

1899

Prokudin-Gorsky asks the Minister of Finance about “financial support for courses” in practical photography and phototechnical processes.

1900

Prokudin-Gorsky shows his black-and-white photographs at a Paris exhibition under the auspices of the Imperial Russian Technological Society.

November 8, 1900: Prokudin-Gorsky becomes a member of the Russian Geographical Society (RGO).

1901

August 2, 1901: Prokudin-Gorsky moves with his family, photomechanical studio, and laboratory to the house at Bol’shaya Pod”iacheskaia Street, 22, in St. Petersburg

1902

Prokudin-Gorsky studies for six weeks at the photomechanical school of Adolph Miethe in Charlottenburg, Germany

April 9, 1902: A. Miethe demonstrates his color photographs to the court

December 13, 1902: At a meeting of the 5th Section of the Imperial Russian Technological Society, Prokudin-Gorsky makes a presentation about his production of color diapositive photographs using Adolph. Miethe’s method.

1903

Adolph Miethe presents to the public his camera for color photography

March 2, 1903: Adolph Miethe demonstrates his color photographs to the general public at the “Urania” theater in Berlin

June 2-8 (new style): Prokudin-Gorsky participates in a congress on applied chemistry in Berlin

Summer 1903: Prokudin-Gorsky publishes a pamphlet, “Iso-chromatic exposure by means of momentary hand cameras: with an indication how to prepare color-sensitive plates (iso-plates),” written in Berlin.

August, September: Prokudin-Gorsky makes his first trip in the Russian Empire with the goal of taking color photographs; he travels to Finland to shoot (the Vyborg region, the Saimaa canal and Saimaa lake).

1904

April 1904: Prokudin-Gorsky takes color photographs in Dagestan

June 1904: Prokudin-Gorsky shoots along the Caucasus coast (Gagry and New

Athos)

October, December 1904: Prokudin-Gorsky shoots places in Luga County, near his dacha in the village of Turovo

1905

January 1905: Prokudin-Gorsky photographs studies in Luga County

February 4 (or 5), 1905: Prokudin-Gorsky familiarizes the public with his works in color photography, developed over the previous three years in Berlin in Professor Miethe’s laboratory and in St. Petersburg, by showing about 70 images, including views of Dagestan and the Caucasus, autumn views of Finland, winter landscapes, genre photographs, the effects of the setting sun, etc.

February 18, 1905: A letter is sent from the artistic photomechanical studio of S. M. Prokudin-Gorsky to the Red Cross Committee, “For the sum of three thousand eight hundred rubles ... I obligate myself to prepare for the Red Cross Committee four hundred various photos of general views of cities, specific details of cities and remarkable sites, the varied types of Russian people, etc.”

February 23, 1905: Prokudin-Gorsky demonstrates his color photographs to the local photographic society at the Polytechnic Museum in Moscow

March 1905: Prokudin-Gorsky again photographs in Luga County

March 31, 1905: Prokudin-Gorsky concludes an agreement with the Red Cross to produce photographs for publication as postcards

April 5, 1905: Prokudin-Gorsky receives an advance from the Red Cross for his work

May-September 1905: Prokudin-Gorsky takes color photographs in the Crimea (Sevastopol, Massandra, Bakhchisarai and other places) and also in Ukraine and the Caucasus.

May 1905: Prokudin-Gorsky shoots in Kiev

May 24, 1905: The Ministry of the Imperial Court and Crown Properties and the Chief Administration of the Livadia and Massandra properties issues Prokudin-Gorsky a document, “On allowing Mr. Prokudin-Gorsky to produce photographs of the Livadia palaces.”

Early September 1905: Prokudin-Gorsky shoots for a second time in Kiev

September 1905: Prokudin-Gorsky shoots for a second time in the Crimea

December 1905: Prokudin-Gorsky cancels his agreement with the Red Cross because of their inability to pay him for the work he had produced.

Prokudin-Gorsky, at the behest of the General Staff, prepares for publication an album, The Russo-Japanese War, which includes photos from the front

In his Petersburg laboratory, Prokudin-Gorsky synthesizes a chemical substance of compound structure that allows him to produce a photographic plate not only equally sensitive to all parts of the spectrum, but also to greatly increase its sensitivity to light

1906

January 1906: Prokudin-Gorsky becomes editor of the St. Petersburg journal Fotograf-liubitel’ [Amateur Photographer] and remains in that position until 1909. He writes a series of technical articles on the principles of reproducing color

April 7, 1906: Prokudin-Gorsky presents as a gift to the 5th Section of the Imperial Russian Technological Society a series of postcards made with the assistance of tri-color autotypes with photos from nature

April 27-28. 1906: Prokudin-Gorsky twice gives papers at the section on photochemistry and photography at the Congress on Applied Chemistry in Rome.

May-September, 1906: Prokudin-Gorsky several times visits the “General photographic exhibition” in Berlin, works in Paris, and visits a photography exhibit in Milan.

October 13, 1906: At a meeting of the 5th section of the Imperial Russian Technological Society, Prokudin-Gorsky reports on his trip to the Lumière Brothers in Lyons, manufacturers of photographic plates, and demonstrates slides he had made using the Autochrome method

December 1906: Prokudin-Gorsky goes to Turkestan to photograph a solar eclipse

The Russian Photographic Society in Moscow elects Prokudin-Gorsky, together with the Lumière brothers, as honorary members; the Photography Section of the Imperial Russian Technological Society elects Prokudin-Gorsky as its chairman.

Prokudin-Gorsky receives a gold medal at an international exhibition in Antwerp “For Photographs in Color Directly from Nature” and a pin “For the Best Work” in Nice at the Photo Club exhibition.

The publishing-house “Obshchestvennaia pol’za” issues Prokudin-Gorsky’s handbook, Phototechnical Work: a Short Handbook for Publishers, Editors, Artists, Printers, etc.

The first series of color postcards made from Prokudin-Gorsky’s negatives is issued

1907

January 1907: Prokudin-Gorsky shoots in Turkestan, including in ancient Bukhara and Samarkand.

During the first half of 1907, 90 color “open letters” are issued in four series, each with the note “From nature. S. M. Prokudin-Gorsky. SPg., B. Pod”iacheskaia, 22" (according to other sources, the first series were issued in 1906)

July 1907: Prokudin-Gorsky takes some photographs in the Urals

End of September 1907: Prokudin-Gorsky photographs the Church of the Resurrection in St. Petersburg

December 23, 1907: Prokudin-Gorsky participates in the first Mendeleev congress. A demonstration of color photography attempts is shown in the building of the Physics Institute. Prokudin-Gorsky presents the latest photochemical theories, then demonstrates more than one hundred various photos.

1908

January 26, February 1, 1908: Demonstration by projection of Prokudin-Gorsky images at Gatchina (“I showed on the screen my rich collection of photos in natural colors”)

March 23, 1908: Prokudin-Gorsky writes a letter to Lev Tolstoy at Yasnaya Polyana with a proposal to produce a color portrait of the writer

March-April 1908: The International Photographic Exhibition is held in Moscow; some of Prokudin-Gorsky’s works are exhibited

April or May 1908: Prokudin-Gorsky visits Munich (and also Lugano?)

May 22-23, 1908: Prokudin-Gorsky photographs Lev Tolstoy at Yasnaya Polyana

End of May 1908: Prokudin-Gorsky participates in an exhibition of the achievements of Russian photographers displayed in the halls of the Academy of the Arts

May 30, 1908: At an evening event for members of the State Duma and the State Council, Prokudin-Gorsky demonstrates his color projections on a screen

October or November 1908: Prokudin-Gorsky’s trip to Denmark, to the villa of Dowager Empress Maria Fedorovna, near Copenhagen

December 1908: Prokudin-Gorsky’s works are presented at an international exhibition at the Second Congress of Russian Photographers in Kiev, and he is awarded a silver medal.

Prokudin-Gorsky lectures about his achievements in the area of color photography, using diapositives, at the Imperial Russian Technological Society, the Petersburg Photographic Society, and at other institutions around the city

Prokudin-Gorsky gives a few lectures using projections of color diapositives, attracting the attention of Grand Duke Mikhail Aleksandrovich, who facilitates Prokudin-Gorsky’s access to tsar Nicholas II

1909

May 3, 1909: Nicholas II invites Prokudin-Gorsky to present his diapositives at the Imperial court at Tsarskoe Selo. Prokudin-Gorsky receives official support for his plan to conduct a photographic survey of the Russian Empire.

May 27-June 2, 1909: Prokudin-Gorsky participates in the 7th International Congress on Applied Chemistry in London, with a paper on the topic of sensibilization

May 1909: Prokudin-Gorsky’s works are presented at the International Photographic Exhibition in Dresden, and he is awarded a silver medal.

June-July 1909: Prokudin-Gorsky completes his filming trip along the Mariinsky Canal waterway system

August 17-September 12, 1909: Prokudin-Gorsky shoots in the industrial part of the Ural Mountain region

September 2, 1909: Prokudin-Gorsky gives a lecture, “On the contemporary state of photography in natural color,” with a demonstration of photos, at the museum of the Society of Nature Lovers in Ekaterinburg.

September 12, 1909: Prokudin-Gorsky photographs near the station of Viazovaia on the Samara-Zlatoust railroad

December 1909: Prokudin-Gorsky relinquishes his post as editor of the journal Fotograf-liubitel’ [Amateur Photographer]

1910

February 11, 1910: Date of a memorandum from S. M. Prokudin-Gorsky to Grand Duke Konstantin Konstantinovich requesting assistance in publishing an album about the Mariinsky Canal waterway system and the central Urals

February 14, 1910: Prokudin-Gorsky attends, at the Trade School of the Tsarevich Nicholas, an explanatory exhibit about transactions relating to a draft law about photographers’ copyright issues

March 20, 1910: First official viewing by the tsar of Prokudin-Gorsky’s photographs of the Mariinsky Canal waterway system and the industrial part of the Urals

April 14, 1910: Prokudin-Gorsky petitions that he be issued an “open pass” for photographing the historic places, churches, monasteries, and convents of Tver’ Province.

June 7, 1910: An imperial ukase is signed agreeing to Prokudin-Gorsky’s petition for permission to photograph

June-September 1910: Prokudin-Gorsky photographs locations along the Volga, as far as Nizhnii Novgorod

June (?) 1910: Before the start of his expedition, Prokudin-Gorsky appeals to Finance Minister V. N. Kokovtsov to purchase the already-completed parts of his work, in order to finance future efforts

July 19, 1910: Publication of an ukase by the Holy Synod of the Russian Orthodox Church granting Prokudin-Gorsky permission to photograph monuments of church antiquity, churches, monasteries, and convents in locations along the Kama and Volga rivers and in the southern and northern Urals

Summer 1910: Prokudin-Gorsky photographs the southern Urals

December 6, 1910: In a memorandum to the director of the Department of the State Treasury, Prokudin-Gorsky advises that he already has 1,300 color shots of the remarkable sights of Russia

1911

January 1911: Prokudin-Gorsky gives a lecture at the Academy of the Arts in Petersburg called “Places of Note along the Mariinsky Canal System and the Upper Volga, and a few words about the importance of color photography,” and gives a paper on the same topic at the 4th Congress of Russian Architects.

January 5-12, 1911: Prokudin-Gorsky participates in the work of the 4th Congress of Russian Architects in St. Petersburg

January 20, 1911: The Council of Ministers rules that “the acquisition by the state of the collection of photographic images, together with the equipment accompanying them, would be very useful.”

January 21, 1911: an announcement is made about “the artists Roerich and Prokudin-Gorsky and their proposed journey along the Volga and to the Urals and Central Asia to produce cinematographic and photographic shots” at a meeting of the Ethnographic Section of the Imperial Russian Geographical Society.

January 22, 1911: Prokudin-Gorsky demonstrates material he had photographed to Nicholas II, “showing my beautiful shots along the banks of the Volga and of the Urals.”

February 11, 1911: In a presentation to the Photographic Section of the Imperial Russian Technological Society, “On the application of color photography to the preservation of historic monuments,” Prokudin-Gorsky reports that “on the upcoming trip to Turkestan, a cinematographic apparatus for color filming, developed together with S. O. Maksimovich, will be taken.”

February 27, 1911: Prokudin-Gorsky makes a presentation in Tashkent, which he is passing through on his way to the Trans-Caspian Province. In the “Khiva” movie theater he shows color photographs with views of the Urals (it is possible this was color cinema).

February-March 1911: Prokudin-Gorsky photographs Turkestan and makes the first color motion picture in Turkestan

Summer-fall 1911: To celebrate the centennial of victory in the “Fatherland war of 1812,” Prokudin-Gorsky photographs places associated with Napoleon’s campaign in Russia (Borodino) as well as in Rostov, Pereslavl’, Vladimir, and Aleksandrov.

July 1911: Trip to Kostroma (with Roerich?)

July 18-27, 1911: Prokudin-Gorsky photographs in Rostov the Great.

Early September 1911: An anniversary exhibit is held in Tsarskoe Selo and a catalog issued, “Catalog of images printed in color by the artistic photomechanical studios of S. M. Prokudin-Gorsky.” According to unconfirmed sources, Prokudin-Gorsky demonstrates his color projections (September 8-12)

September 3, 1911: Prokudin-Gorsky is given permission to photograph in the palace at Borodino

September 4, 1911: Prokudin-Gorsky photographs in Belgorod during the beatification ceremonies for Joasaph of Belgorod

Mid-September-October 20, 1911: Prokudin-Gorsky travels again to Turkestan “by Imperial order to produce his work”

September 1911: Assassination of P. A. Stolypin; the issue of the acquisition by the state of Prokudin-Gorsky’s collection is indefinitely deferred

End of 1911: Prokudin-Gorsky has already produced 2,200 tripartite negatives

1912

Prokudin-Gorsky works in the Caucasus, Siberia, and along the Kama-Tobol’sk waterway. He shoots a series connected with the upcoming 300th anniversary of the Romanov dynasty.

January 4, 1912: Prokudin-Gorsky presents a paper, “On the application of photography in true color to the graphic study of Russia,” at the All-Russian Congress of Artists in St. Petersburg

January 24, 1912: In the Solyanoy district of St. Petersburg, where the Imperial Russian Technological Society was located, Prokudin-Gorsky demonstrates color film shot in Turkestan in the hall of the Handicraft Museum

March 3, 1912: Prokudin-Gorsky demonstrates color projections to government officials in the hall of the Russian Imperial Paper Manufactory of the Ministry of Finance.

March 20, 1912: Prokudin-Gorsky visits Batum

March 21-27, 1912: Prokudin-Gorsky travels to Artvin

March 28, 1912: Prokudin-Gorsky returns to Batum

March 29 or 30, 1912: Prokudin-Gorsky photographs Chakva and Zelenyi Mys

May-June, 1912: Prokudin-Gorsky works along the Kama-Tobol’sk waterway, and also shoots some Romanov sites in Cherdyn and Nyrob.

Summer 1912: For the celebration of the centennial of victory in the “Fatherland war of 1812,” Prokudin-Gorsky photographs places associated with Napoleon’s campaigns in Russia (Smolensk, Viaz’ma, Vitebsk, Minsk, Vil’na, Kovno), as well as Riazan’, Suzdal’, the construction of the Kuz’min and Belyi Omut dams, and many places in the Caucasus.

1913

January 1913: Prokudin-Gorksy founds a trust company under the firm name “Trading House of S. M. Prokudin-Gorsky and Co.”

February 21, 1913: Prokudin-Gorsky films an experimental color motion picture, “The passing of His Imperial Majesty the Emperor along Nevsky Prospekt in Petrograd during the celebration of the 300th anniversary of the Romanov Dynasty” (title from a publication from 1915)

April 4, 1913: Founding of the company “Trading House of S. M. Prokudin-Gorsky and Co.” (Certificate from the S. Petersburg Chamber of Commerce)

April 7, 1913: The last entry in the tsar’s diary about a demonstration of photographs to him by Prokudin-Gorsky

May 13, 1913: Prokudin-Gorsky asks for permission to shoot moving and still footage of the celebrations of the 300th anniversary of the Romanov Dynasty (May 25, 1913)

December 1913: Prokudin-Gorsky shows his photo projections at an exhibition on the Black Sea coast of the Caucasus, the “Russian Riviera.”

Prokudin-Gorsky patents a method to prepare inexpensive color film diapositives, and with Maksimovich takes out patents on color cinematography in Germany, England, France, Italy, and Russia

There are now 3,350 negatives and 1,000 positives for projection in the collection

Prokudin-Gorsky demonstrates his photos in one of the principal theaters of Paris.

22 of Prokudin-Gorsky’s color photographs are published in the book, P. G. Vasenko, Romanov Boyars and the Accession to the Throne of Mikhail Fedorovich.

1914

March 1914: The “Biochrome” joint stock company is organized (providing services in color photography and in printing photographs), with base capital of two million rubles. All the property of the “Trading House” is transferred to the new company. Prokudin-Gorsky joins the board of directors.

March 16, 1914: Prokudin-Gorsky demonstrates his color photographs at Demidov educational institutions.

May 1914: In Paris, Prokudin-Gorsky oversees the construction by his order of improved equipment for shooting and projecting color films and for preparing special film for motion pictures.

June 4, 1914: Prokudin-Gorsky transfers to the property of the “Biochrome” joint stock company his patent for a “method of projecting cinematographic images in natural colors.”

August 5, 1914: Prokudin-Gorsky conducts an experimental shoot of the color chronicle, “The Imperial Procession in the Kremlin.”

August 1914: Beginning of World War I. Prokudin-Gorsky photographs military objects at the request of the government, censors foreign films, and studies images taken from the air by Russian pilots.

October 30, 1914: Prokudin-Gorsky receives a Russian patent for the preparation of diapositives to be shown in natural color

December 1914: The “Biochrome” joint stock company begins its activities.

Some of Prokudin-Gorsky’s color photographs are published in a book by V. N. Sementovskii, In the Land of Cliffs and Lakes (Finland) and in the publication Russian National Art at the Second All-Russian Handicraft Exhibition in Petrograd, 1913.

1915

Prokudin-Gorsky completes two theater portraits of F. I. Chaliapin in the role of Boris Godunov from the Mussorgsky opera of the same name, and in the role of Mephistopheles in the Gounod opera Faust.

The “Biochrome” studio is organized on the base of the “Biochrome” joint stock company

14 color photographs of the southern Caucasus by Prokudin-Gorsky are published in a book by A. N. Krasnov, Southern Colchis (published by the journal Knowledge for All)

March 13, 1915: At a meeting of the 5th Section of the Imperial Russian Technological Society, Prokudin-Gorsky demonstrates diapositives made using his method with weak light sources (the Nernet lamp), designed for mass production

December 21, 1915: At a meeting of the 5th Section of the Imperial Russian Technological Society, Prokudin-Gorsky is again chosen as a permanent member of the Section.

1916

Prokudin-Gorsky receives the rank of Councillor of State (the fifth class in the Table of Ranks)

The “Biochrome” company produces a color motion picture, “The Conquered Turkish cities of Baiburg, Mamakhatun and Erzizian and the visit of Grand Duke Nikolai Nikolaevich to them” (the film survives only in a black and white version)

April 29, 1916: Prokudin-Gorsky participates in celebrating the fiftieth birthday of V. I. Sreznevskii in St. Petersburg

June-July 1916: Prokudin-Gorsky photographs the Murmansk railroad

November 18, 1916: At a meeting of the 5th Section of the Imperial Russian Technological Society, Prokudin-Gorsky is again chosen as a permanent member of the Section.

November 30, 1916: The first founding meeting of stockholders of the “Biofilm” company is held; among the stockholders is S. M. Prokudin-Gorsky, elected a member of the Audit Commission of the society.

December 11, 1916: Prokudin-Gorsky, in the name of the 5th Section of the Imperial Russian Technological Society, gives the greeting at a celebratory meeting of the editorial board of the journal Fotograficheskie novosti [Photographic News], on the occasion of its tenth anniversary.

1917

January 22, 1917: dedication and festival opening in Petrograd of Prokudin-Gorsky’s laboratory for preparing light-sensitive plates, to supply such to infirmaries and the Army fighting at the front

February 14, 1917: Prokudin-Gorsky is elected a full member of the Society for the Study of the Olonets Province.

1918

March 6, 1918: Prokudin-Gorsky joins a small committee to found a photographic cinema institute in Petrograd

March 12 and 19, 1918: Prokudin-Gorsky for the last time publicly shows his color projections in Russia, in the Nicholas Hall of the Winter Palace at an evening event with the title “The Miracles of Photography,” arranged by the People’s Commissariat for Education.

May 25, 1918: V. I. Lenin, head of the Soviet government, issues an order to include Prokudin-Gorsky on the board of the Russian Paper Manufactory.

June 17, 1918: Prokudin-Gorsky is invited to join the board created by the Higher Institute of Photography and Phototechnology

June 27-July 16, 1918: Prokudin-Gorsky leaves for his first official business trip to Norway

End of August 1918: Prokudin-Gorsky leaves Russia with two assistants for his second official business trip to Norway. He did not return to Russia from this trip

1919

May 1919: Prokudin-Gorsky founds a group in Norway to continue his work

Summer 1919: Prokudin-Gorsky receives an invitation to England

September 1919: Prokudin-Gorsky moves to England

1920

April 1920: Prokudin-Gorsky begins to prepare his first “color films” (completed by the middle of June)

December 1920: Trip to the south of France to shoot a test color motion picture (without any subject, simply a sequence of shots)

Prokudin-Gorsky marries his employee Mariia Fedorovna Shchedrina in England

1920-1922

Prokudin-Gorsky writes a series of articles for the British Journal of Photography and receives a patent for his “camera for color cinematography.”

1921

January-February 1921: Preparation of color film from negatives shot in the south of France

March 16, 1921: the first color motion picture is shown in London to representatives of the press and to experts

September 1921: Prokudin-Gorsky moves to Nice, where construction of a small cinema production unit for him has begun

1922

April 1922: Prokudin-Gorsky writes (or dictates) a chronology of his works on color cinema (most likely, in case a legal dispute should arise)

Prokudin-Gorsky patents a camera in which the light stream, aided by a system of prisms, separates into three parts, each of which represents one of the color components of the image: blue, red, or green. As a result, one snap of the shutter was adequate for the production of a full-color image

1923

Michael, the younger son of Prokudin-Gorsky, together with his wife leave the USSR for France

1924

December: Prokudin-Gorsky with members of his family establishes the “ELKA” firm in Nice.

1925

March 1925. The first wife of Prokudin-Gorsky and their daughter Ekaterina and grandson Dmitri leave the USSR for France

Prokudin-Gorsky and members of his family open a photographic laboratory in Paris

1931

Probable year of the export of the largest part of Prokudin-Gorsky’s collection from the USSR to France (fall or beginning of winter)

1932

January 10, 1932: Prokudin-Gorsky gives a presentation, “Russia in Pictures” (Turkestan, Old Bukhara, The Hungry Steppe, the Murgai Steppe and Murgan).

March 28, 1932: Prokudin-Gorsky shows more than 120 photos at an evening event at the Union of Russian Artists

1935

Prokudin-Gorsky produces his last works – two color photographs of his younger daughter, Elena

March 16, 1935: Prokudin-Gorsky shows photographic views of Russia to the Russian Academic Group

December 1, 1935: Prokudin-Gorsky shows on the screen scenes of Russia from his collection

1936

February 9, 1936: Prokudin-Gorsky gives a presentation, “Central Russia,” at a children’s matinee.

March 8, 1936: Final notice in the press about a public showing by Prokudin-Gorsky of his color photographs (lectures, “The Middle Course of the Volga” and “The Caucasus and its Peoples”)

1943

Prokudin-Gorsky is moved to the “Russian Home” in Paris

1944

September 27, 1944: Prokudin-Gorsky dies in Paris

1948

Prokudin-Gorsky’s heirs sell the surviving part of his collection to the Library of Congress of the U.S.A.

1991

July 1991: for the first time, a computer database is compiled with information about Prokudin-Gorsky’s photos; the database is continually updated and added to.

Translated by H. M. Leich

 


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